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THE UNITY OF THE VEDIC AND
Hence the idea
that Vedic Indra developed into Puranic Shiva appears to reflect the shift of culture in
India when the Sarasvati went dry and the center of civilization shifted east to the
Such changes in name and form must occur during the course of human history, particularly
when there are great social and geological changes. Such a shift of culture in ancient
India brought about the shift from Indra to Shiva. It was an organic transformation of the
Vedic religion into the Puranic, not a radical break.
If we look deeply we see that the same basic spirit
is present in both Indra and Shiva. Hence good devotes of Shiva should also be devotees of
Indra and vice versa, or they may not understand the inner truth of their deity.
Indra-Shiva is the basic deity of the Vedas and Puranas and of the Hindu tradition as a
whole, which is not to exclude other important formulations of the Divine like Vishnu and
the Devi but to show the continuity, creativity and universality of the tradition.