|Much of the
following information comes from Ganapati Muni, the chief disciple of the great South
Indian guru Ramana Maharshi, who wrote a small treatise in Sanskrit on the identity of
Indira and Shiva (Indreshvarabheda Sutra).
Indra means the Lord or ruler, so does Ishvara, an important name for Shiva. In many Vedic
hymns the term Indra is used as general term for Lord, just as Ishvara is used in many
Puranic hymns. Both Indra and Shiva are lauded as the supreme deity and the ruler of all
the other Gods. Shiva is the great God, Mahadeva. Indra is the king of the Gods, Devaraja.
Shiva is the destroyer among the trinity of Puranic deities, which includes Brahma, the
Creator, and Vishnu, the Preserver. Indra in the Vedas is a destructive God, a destroyer
of obstructions (Vritra, the enemy of Indra, literally means obstruction).