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THE UNITY OF THE VEDIC AND
Shiva is also
identified with Parana. The Maruts, the sons of Rudra-Shiva and the companions of Indra,
are identified with the Paranas.
Shiva is a God of time, Kala. Indra is also a deity of time and eternity and rules the
year in Vedic thought. Both Indra's and Shiva's role of destroying Prajapati or his son
relate to their role as eternity (absolute time) destroying time or the year (relative
time) represented by Prajapati and the sacrifice.
Indra is the deity who both rules and transcends the sacrifice, so is Shiva, like Indra,
is worshipped through the sacred fire. Shiva corresponds to the bhasma or the ashes left
over from the sacred fire. Shaivite ascetics carefully attend their dhunis or sacred
fires, which are built and tended to following Vedic practices. Hence Shaivism continues
many Vedic rituals.