is discrimination against a group of people because of the
particular community to which they happen to belong. This community
may be defined according to race, class, economic status or
religious affiliation. There are many forms of communalism in the
world and almost no country is without it. Communalism is a problem
in all societies today because different classes, races and
religious groups are present in every land.
India as a diverse subcontinent has its communal problems, mainly
along religious lines, with ongoing Hindu-Muslim conflicts. But it
also has clashes between the different classes of society,
particularly the so-called higher classes versus the lower classes
or untouchables. There have been
many efforts to eradicate communalism ever since the inception of
independent India. However in spite of, and sometimes because of
misguided efforts at removing communalism, communalism has increased
in recent years.
What is stranger in this regard is that anticommunalism in India has in
fact become a new form of communalism. It condemns certain communities on principle as
communal, which incites discrimination against them. Under the guise
of eliminating discrimination between communities, certain
communities are targeted and suffer various forms of discrimination.