[an error occurred while processing this directive]
HinduNet
  
Forums Chat Annouce Calender DigiCards Recommend Remote Invites
[an error occurred while processing this directive]


Awaken Bharata
Index

Preface

Keys To The Awakening Of Bharata A Call For An Intellectual...
The Importance Of Kshatriya... 

The Two Wings Of Dharma

Anti-Brahmanism Sarva Dharma Samabhava...
The Danger Of Hindus.... Hinduism Under Siege...
Devic And Asuric ... Sufis And Militance
Hindu Dharma And ...

The New Masks...

Hindu Political And ... The Hindu Renaissance...
Vedic Dharma And ... A Hindu Call...
Major Sections
Books By David Frawley
Arjuna

Awaken Bharata

From The River Of Heaven How I Became A Hindu
The Myth Of Aryan Invasion Of India

Hinduism : The Eternal Tradition, Sanatana Dharma

[an error occurred while processing this directive]
SUFIS AND MILITANCE
The most liberal Muslim king Akbar, who advocated tolerance of all religions, we should note, was influenced by liberal Sufis, particularly certain Chishtis but took his liberalism further, going beyond the bounds of Islam. Not only did the orthodox Muslims (the ulama) oppose him, many Sufi orders were against him as well, particularly the Naqshbandi order under the guidance of Ahmad Sirhindi as already noted.

Akbar's tolerance therefore was probably not so much Islamic or Sufi but from a Hindu influence. The other liberal Muslim prince and eldest son of the king Shah Jahan, Dara Shikoh (1615-1659) inherited the tolerance of his great grandfather Akbar and perhaps took it further. Unfortunately his own brother Aurangzeb killed him for his lack of orthodoxy before he could become emperor. Dara's respect for Hinduism led him to say that the two religions were like twin brothers. This conclusion came, not entirely from his Sufi teachers, but from his own studies.

One should note that most Sufis did not follow Dara and many Sufis criticized him for infidelity. In fact the fear of another Akbar drove orthodox Muslims and Sufis to have no mercy with Dara. The only princes who fought and died with Dara in his fight with his intolerant brother Aurangzeb were Hindus.

 Back ] David Frawley ] Up ] Next ]

About Sufis And Militance
Introduction Pg1
Introduction Pg2
Introduction Pg3
Introduction Pg4
Sufis and Islamic...Pg.1
Sufis and Islamic...Pg.2
Sufis and Islamic...Pg.3
Sufis and Islamic...Pg.4
Sufis and Islamic...Pg.5
Sufis and Islamic...Pg.6
Sufis and Islamic...Pg.7
Sufis and Islamic...Pg.8
Sufis and Islamic...Pg.9
Sufis and Islamic...Pg.10
Liberal Sufis Pg.1
Liberal Sufis Pg.2
Liberal Sufis Pg.3
Liberal Sufis Pg.4
Sufis and the Sharia Pg.1
Sufis and the Sharia Pg.2
Sufis and the Sharia Pg.3
Sufis and the Sharia Pg.4
Sufi Philosophy.Pg1
Sufi Philosophy.Pg2
Sufi Philosophy.Pg3
Sufi Philosophy.Pg4
Conclusion Pg.1
Conclusion Pg.2
[an error occurred while processing this directive]
HinduNet Signature Merchandise

[an error occurred while processing this directive]
More Information about HinduNet Inc.
Privacy Statement
The Hindu Universe is a HinduNet Inc., website.
Copyrighted 1994-2003, HinduNet Inc.