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DHARMIC PHILOSOPHIES : THEORIES
The system of Yoga takes over the entire philosophy of Sankhya. It adds Ishwara, the
personal God, as an additional principle. Yet for it Ishwara is not the creator of the
world so much as the Divine teacher or Cosmic guru. Sankhya philosophy recognizes a kind
of demiurge or cosmic lord but emphasizes the pure consciousness beyond all manifestation
as the true Divine.
Yoga adds its practical system of development, its eight limbs (ashtanga) to the Sankhya
system. These are :
Right attitudes (yama)
Right observances (niyama).
Yogic postures (asana).
Control of the senses (pratyahara).
They are practical not philosophical principles and are used by all the systems.