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SOCIAL SCIENCE : THE SPIRITUAL BASIS OF CULTURE
The ancients, perhaps surprising to
us, were more conscious about their social structures than we are. They had smaller groups of people
and could more easily establish defined cultural orders. They designed their social orders in a
particular way that seems rigid to us today. They kept a stricter control
of marriage and social intercourse. They had clear and often rigid distinctions of roles and classes, as
well as a sharp division of the sexes.
Modern societies have usually been restructured after some great political event, a revolution or a
reform, and have thereby a primarily secular order, like the American
revolution. Ancient societies were based upon religious renovations;
the code of Moses or Mohammed. The law giver was often the prophet or
sage or aligned with him. The social order was not established by man at some point of history, as is
the case with modern societies, but brought down from God from a connection with the eternal.
such religious cultures may appear superstitious to us or based on wishful thinking, they certainly have
been able to endure longer than our secular ones. No secular culture
has yet to stand the test of time. Hence we may be wise to reexamine the meaning of culture
from the standpoint of religion and spirituality.