|The Limitations of Society
The ancients did not believe in a simple democracy or equality between men. They saw an equality
between the souls of men but realized that our human aptitudes are quite different, our minds and
their values differ. There is in democracy, its negative side, the scaling down of higher values, just
as there is in it the raising up of the lower classes. It aims at the
average, which may be the mediocre.
It also serves to impose one set of values upon all human beings.
These are defined by the values behind the democracy. In most democracies they are economic
freedom or commercial interests. Hence they naturally impose commercial values on the whole of
society. They do not just simply allow individuals to pursue different
values but overtly or covertly promote the values of one level of society, the mercantile
class. This is not so much a society free of class as a society ruled by, defined
by and reduced to one class. Compared to such a one-dimensional or linear society,
the ancient cultures were intricate and multidimensional.