lower lintel, resting on the capitals of the innermost door-jambs, consists of three
similar, but somewhat bigger chapels, connected by decorative dwarf pillars either
dissolving into plaitwork, or consisting of coupled slim columns connected by a diaper
covering the whole length and breadth of the shaft. The crowned, four-armed deity sitting
cross-legged, on a ram, in the left chapel, holds two tridents, a scepter and a water
vessel; the central one, over seven rearing horses, is the sungod Surya, holding a scepter
and a vessel; the crowned figure in the right chapel again sits on a lion, holding sword
and scepter, shield and water vessel in its four hands. Dr. Vogel identifies the deities
in the eight chapels with the group of grahas, regularly placed over the entrance of Hindu
temples, although their usual number is nine.
C. Bhattacharya's, Indian images, 1921, pp. 31 supplies valuable information on the
iconography of the nine plants derived from Hemadri, Vishnudhar- mottara and Matsyapurana.
This enables us to identify most of the figures in the eight chapels. The deity in the
centre of the upper row must be Buddha (Mercury) who is stated to be similar to Vishnu.
The two on his left side may be safelyidentified with the demons Rahu and Ketu. The first
figure of the second row is Mangala- bhauma (Mars), who according to the Matsyapurana is
similar to agni; his vahana being a ram and his weapons a lance and a trident.
As it is very improbable thatSurya and Chandra, the two
principal members of the group,have been omitted and the separate figure tower the
doorway, whose hands arc broken, appears to be the solar deity, we may perhaps assume that
the person immediately above him represents Chandra though not in his orthodox appearance.
The identity of the three remaining grahas is also uncertain, but Brihaspati (Jupiter),
who is stated to resemble Brahma, may perhaps be recognized in the first figure of the
upper row on account of his attributes. In his neighbor, who has the same attributes (a
gourd (kamandalu), a rosary (akshamala) and a staff) it is tempting to see Sukra (Venus)
who is the purohita of the asuras.