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Temples & Legends of Himachal Pradesh
Index Of Himachal Pradesh Author
Introduction Background
Kulu - Manali Shyama Kali Temple
Manali Mandi
The Ardhanari Temple, Mandi Buddha Temple
Bijli Mahadev Idol Worship
Hidimba Banasur
Basishta Chamba
Kangra Area Manikaran
Bajreshwari Devi Chintpurni Devi Temple
Baijnath Temple Baglamukhi Deity And Her Temple
Chamunda Nandikeshwar Bilasur
Kinnaur Lahul   And Spiti
Wall Paintings Sirmur
Nath Temple  
Major Sections
Temples & Legends Of India
Andhrapradesh
Maharastra
Kerala
Himachal Pradesh
Tamilnadu

Bengal

Assam
Bihar
Somanatha

CHAMBA

Mother Earth is supposed to have a soul. Every village holding has a soul or spirit (khetr Pal) and that spirit has to be propitiated because ploughing of the tiller disturbs it. Mother Earth is offered incense, or flowers or a goat or a sheep.  Usually a stone or a wooden post is ceremoniously set up in a corner of the field as the symbol. In the same way the mountains and their peaks have deities, good or bad. Stones are thrown in a heap or flags are fixed up at important tops and dangerous positions for the trekker. Large trees usually are believed to offer shelter to the banbirs or forest spirits. The banbirs are said to live in the pomegranate, lime, tuna, fig, kainth, simal and walnut trees.

The banbirs are credited with the power to cause sickness or epidemics in men or cattle. These are believed to be female spirits who are regarded as the guardians of the cattle and have to be propitiated. If soil, mountain and forests have their particular spirits it goes without saying that water should also have them. Birbatal is the spirit of water and is believed to be living in every river and stream or large water sheet. The Jaljogans are also supposed to inhabit springs and streams. If a man and particularly a woman commits suicide in a stream, tank or river she will become a Jaljogan and it is said when she feels lonely she drags a bather to death. Naturally some mountains in this region with forests and large water patches will have the Nag or the serpent as the presiding deity. The Nag cult is epitomized in Kelang Nag whose present temple is at Kulti village.

"Kalihar Nag, as was his original name, now better known as Kelang, came from British-Lahul. Fifteen or sixteengenerations ago cattle disease was prevalent at Kugti, and the people of that village vowed to hold a fair, if it abated. Tradition says that Kelang, in the form of a serpent, rode on the horns of a ram from Lahul,and stopped at Dughi two miles from the present temple.

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Kei Gumpha - Spiti Valley
About Chamba
Introduction
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