From a consideration of the above it appears as though
the Dharma-Sutra of Baudhayana consisted originally of two Prasnas and
the rest were additions by later waters, and these had taken place
probably twice at different periods, the first soon after the time of
Baudhayana, when the third Prasna was added, and the second at the
time of the later Smritis, when the fourth Prasna was added.
This point is specially important in the present
survey, as the rules relating to women are contained in the first two
Prasnas, and hence they can be taken as the genuine utterances of
Baudhayana. With Baudhayana we can safely say that the influence of
the south penetrates the Vedic school, or that the Vedic school
transferred its centre to the south.
He is the earliest of the lawgivers from the south who
have contributed to the legal literature of India. Maharnava avers
that Baudhayana's influence was mainly confined to the south; but he
does not disclose where the original home of Baudhayana was. His work
does not directly refer to the south, except in his account of
Desanirnaya 31 and, while referring to the
customs of the Northerners, he censures the custom of going to sea 32
by pIacing it at the head of the Pataniyas or serious offences that
lead to loss of caste. 33
The above instances reveal his knowledge of the south,
but throw no light on the exact locality of his original home.