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Women In The Sacred Laws
Kulapati's Preface The Author
Foreword Prologue
The Dharma Sutras Contemporary Evidence
The Manu - Samhita The Later Law-Books
Digest On Hindu Law Espirit Des Lois
Major Sections

THE DHARMA SUTRAS

According to Baudhayana daughters could inherit only the ornaments of their mother, presented according to tile custom or anything else.69 In Baudhayana’s law no severe punishment is ordained for a woman; for, as he deprives them of independence and ordains them always to be under the close watch of their natural guardians, men are, held responsible for any Sin committed by them. So lie says, wives of men of all castes must be guarded more carefully than Wealth.70 Whereas, of the other hand, any wrong done to women is severely punishable.71

Next in importance and antiquity to Baudhayana in the Black Vajur Vedic school is Apastamba, whose centre has been determined by scholars to be in Southern India, His Dharma-Sutra, forms a part of his more comprehensive work the Kalpa-Sutra. The book, as it has been traditionally handed down to us, comes next to the Grhya-Sutra and is followed by the Sulva-Sutra. This position of the book makes it clear that it originally formed an integral part of the Kalpa-Sutra and that it is not a later addition.

The internal evidence of the Sutra, too, shows that it is not only the composition of one writer, but, is written on a comprehensive plan, so as to supplement the rituals of the Grhya-Sutras; for we find him referring to his previous injunction in his Dharma Sutra. The commentator Haradatta has been able to point out two such references, 72 as clearly referring to his Grhya Sutra . Apastamba claims to belong to a Sutra Karana School, a school whose founder did not pretend to have received a revelation of Vedic Mantras, but merely gave a new systematic arrangement to the precepts regarding sacrifices and the sacred law.

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Women In The Sacred Laws
About The Dharma Sutras
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