It is clearly manifest in his
rule about the re-marriage of widows, where he enjoins the observance
or Brahmacharya for a year, before she can re-marry, whereas Gautama
does not ordain any intervening time between the death of her husband
and her reinarriage.153
Vasishtha, who is not much
later that Baudhayana, is in substantial agreement with Baudhayana in
many of his laws for women, but in some respects he displays a more
In Apastamba tills ascetic
tendency finds its fullest expression among these earlier lawgivers.
He plays the part of a reformer, discarding the old order as being
unfit for the new. He considers himself a child of the Kali Age - the
liberal rules of the past were suitable only for the older generation
as they were gifted with Superior merit.
They are not fit for the
degenerate public of his times and hence new rules are necessary.
He frames rules to limit the
freedom of women, to lesson the undue
importance of a son, to discourage widows
from re marrying, to reject soils of all kinds of legal heirs to the
To account for the gradual
chancre ill the outlook of the lawgivers, we have to turn our
attention to the times, in which they lived and worked. It was an age
of asceticism. The age during which Buddha and Mahavira flourished was
noted for asceticism of a rigorous type.