Book Of Mantra : The Vedas
The Vedas are the ancient scriptures
or revelation (Shruti) of the Hindu teachings. They manifest the
Divine Word in human speech. They reflect into human language the
language of the Gods, the Divine powers which have created us and
which rule over us.
There are four Vedas, each consisting
of four parts. The primary portion is the mantra or hymn section (samhita).
To this are appended ritualistic teachings (brahmana) and
theological sections (aranyaka). Finally philosophical sections (Upanishads)
The hymn sections are the oldest. The
others were added at a later date and each explains some aspect of
the hymns or follows one line of interpreting them. The Vedas were
compiled around the time of Krishna (c. 1500 B.C.), and even at that
time were hardly understood.