The Rig Veda :
Sourcebook of Mantras
The Rig Veda is the oldest of the
Vedas. All the other Vedas are based upon it and consist to a large
degree of various hymns from it. It consists of a thousand such
hymns of different seers, each hymn averaging around ten verses. The
Rig Veda is the oldest book in Sanskrit or any Indo-European
language. Its date is debatable. Many great Yogis and scholars who
have understood the astronomical references in the hymns, date the
Rig Veda as before 4000 B.C., perhaps as early as 12,000. Modern
western scholars tend to date it around 1500 B.C., though recent
archeological finds in India (like Dwaraka) now appear to require a
much earlier date. While the term Vedic is often given to any layer
of the Vedic teachings including the Bhagavad Gita, technically it
applies primarily to the Rig Veda.
The Rig Veda is the book of Mantra.
It contains the oldest form of all the Sanskrit mantras. It is built
around a science of sound which comprehends the meaning and power of
each letter. Most aspects of Vedic science like the practice of
yoga, meditation, mantra and Ayurveda can be found in the Rig Veda
and still use many terms that come from it.